Western imperialism

The Memoir of Wallace Lyon in Iraq, — The result is a work that offers both some fascinating broader insights into the place of the Middle East in the broader pattern of Western imperialism, and some detailed thoughts on the individual mandates themselves. So, Fieldhouse argues that in the broader sense the pattern of British and French rule in the Middle East was similar to that followed elsewhere.

Western imperialism

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The victory enabled Portugal to implement its strategy of controlling the Indian Ocean. He understood that Portugal could wrest commercial supremacy from the Arabs only by force, and therefore devised a plan to establish forts at strategic Western imperialism which would dominate the trade routes and also protect Portuguese interests on land.

Western imperialism

Inhe conquered Goa in India, which enabled him to gradually consolidate control of most of the commercial traffic between Europe and Asia, largely through trade; Europeans started to carry on trade from forts, acting as foreign merchants rather than as settlers.

In contrast, early European expansion in the " West Indies ", later known to Europeans as a separate continent from Asia that they would call the " Americas " following the voyage of Christopher Columbusinvolved heavy settlement in colonies that were treated as political extensions of the mother countries.

Lured by the potential of high profits from another expedition, the Portuguese established a permanent base in Cochinsouth of the Indian trade port of Calicut in Western imperialism early 16th century. Inthe Portuguese, led by Afonso de Albuquerqueseized Goa on the coast of India, which Portugal held untilalong with Diu and Daman the remaining territory and enclaves in India from a former network of coastal towns and smaller fortified trading ports added and abandoned or lost centuries before.

The Portuguese soon acquired a monopoly over trade in the Indian Ocean. Portuguese viceroy Albuquerque — resolved to consolidate Portuguese holdings in Africa and Asia, and secure control of trade with the East Indies and China.

His first objective was Malaccawhich controlled the narrow strait through which most Far Eastern trade moved. Bythe first Portuguese ships had reached Canton on the southern coasts of China.

Shortly after, other fortified bases and forts were annexed and built along the Gulf, and inthrough a military campaign, the Portuguese annexed Bahrain.

The Portuguese conquest of Malacca triggered the Malayan—Portuguese war. The Portuguese tried to establish trade with China by illegally smuggling with the pirates on the offshore islands[ which?

Imperialism | Definition of Imperialism by Merriam-Webster

InChina decided to lease Macau to the Portuguese as a place where they could dry goods they transported on their ships, which they held until The Portuguese, based at Goa and Malacca, had now established a lucrative maritime empire in the Indian Ocean meant to monopolise the spice trade.

The Portuguese also began a channel of trade with the Japanese, becoming the first recorded Westerners to have visited Japan. This contact introduced Christianity and fire-arms into Japan.

The Portuguese founded a fort at the city of Colombo in and gradually extended their control over the coastal areas and inland.

The invasion was a disaster for the Portuguese, with their entire army wiped out by Kandyan guerilla warfare. He died in the Battle of Randeniwelarefusing to abandon his troops in the face of total annihilation.

After the discovery of the return voyage to the Americas by Andres de Urdaneta incargoes of Chinese goods were transported from the Philippines to Mexico and from there to Spain. By this long route, Spain reaped some of the profits of Far Eastern commerce. Spanish officials converted the islands to Christianity and established some settlements, permanently establishing the Philippines as the area of East Asia most oriented toward the West in terms of culture and commerce.

Inthe Dutch drove the Portuguese out of the Gold Coast in Africa, the source of the bulk of Portuguese slave labourers, leaving this rich slaving area to other Europeans, especially the Dutch and the English. Rival European powers began to make inroads in Asia as the Portuguese and Spanish trade in the Indian Ocean declined primarily because they had become hugely over-stretched financially due to the limitations on their investment capacity and contemporary naval technology.

Both of these factors worked in tandem, making control over Indian Ocean trade extremely expensive. The existing Portuguese interests in Asia proved sufficient to finance further colonial expansion and entrenchment in areas regarded as of greater strategic importance in Africa and Brazil.The earliest victims of Western European imperialism were other Europeans.

Western imperialism

Some years ago, Ireland became the first colony of what later became known as the British empire. A part of Ireland still remains under British occupation. Western imperialism in Asia as presented in this article pertains to Western European entry into what was first called the East Indies.

This was sparked early in the 15th century by the search for trade routes to China that led directly to the Age of Discovery.

The Age of Imperialism (–) Western Technology arteensevilla.comeenabledEuropeans. Western Imperialism Beginning in , there was a growing desire for European countries to expand and control their rule. The only continent at that time that was left uncontrolled and, in the European's eyes uncivilized, was Africa.

Universality and Western Imperialism Perhaps the thorniest of conflicts within the realm of international human rights involves the question of whether claims of universality are merely attempts to impose Western values upon the rest of the world.

Finally, perhaps one of the most disturbing aspects of Western imperialism in the Islamic world is the fact that each consequence has been more extreme than the previous one.

Modern Western Imperialism - definition of Modern Western Imperialism by The Free Dictionary