Water, along with food and air, is a basic necessity. Without clean sources our health and environment suffers.
This mix is patted down into disc-shaped cakes, dried, and then used as fuel in stoves. When it burns, it produces smoke and numerous indoor air pollutants at concentrations 5 times higher than coal.
A rural stove using biomass cakes, fuelwood and trash as cooking fuel. Surveys suggest over million households in India use such stoves chullahs every day, 2—3 times a day. Clean burning fuels and electricity are unavailable in rural parts and small towns of India because of poor rural highways and limited energy generation infrastructure.
Director’s Note: The science and research done on the true impacts of animal agriculture is always growing. The statistics used in the film were based on the best information we had available while producing the film. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products. In many ways American motorists and their passengers are exposed to less pollution than a generation or two ago. Back then cars ran dirtier—releasing more emissions, including lead from gasoline.
Fuelwood and biomass burning is the primary reason for near-permanent haze and smoke observed above rural and urban India, and in satellite pictures of the country.
Fuelwood and biomass cakes are used for cooking and general heating needs. These are burnt in cook stoves known as chullah or chulha piece in some parts of India. These cook stoves are present in over million Indian households, and are used two to three times a day, daily.
As ofmajority of Indians still use traditional fuels such as dried cow dung, agricultural waste, and firewood as cooking fuel. This form of fuel is inefficient source of energy, its burning releases high levels of smoke, PM10 particulate matter, NOxSOxPAHspolyaromatics, formaldehydecarbon monoxide and other air pollutants.
Burning of biomass and firewood will not stop unless electricity or clean burning fuel and combustion technologies become reliably available and widely adopted in rural and urban India. From the most recent available nationwide study, India used The study found that the households consumed around 95 million tonnes of fuelwood, one-third of which was logs and the rest was twigs.
Twigs were mostly consumed in the villages, and logs were more popular in cities of India. To place this volume of emission in context, the Environmental Protection Agency EPA of the United States estimates that fire wood smoke contributes overtonnes of fine particles throughout the United States — mostly during the winter months.
United States consumes about one-tenth of fuelwood consumed by India, and mostly for fireplace and home heating purposes. EPA estimates that residential wood combustion in the USA accounts for 44 percent of total organic matter emissions and 62 percent of the PAHwhich are probable human carcinogens and are of great concern to EPA.
The fuel wood sourced residential wood smoke makes up over 50 percent of the wintertime particle pollution problem in California. India has less land area and less emission air space than the United States.
In summary, the impact on indoor and outdoor air pollution by fuelwood and biomass cake burning is far worse in India. A United Nations study  finds firewood and biomass stoves can be made more efficient in India.
Animal dung, now used in inefficient stoves, could be used to produce biogasa cleaner fuel with higher utilisation efficiency. In addition, an excellent fertiliser can be produced from the slurry from biogas plants.
Switching to gaseous fuels would bring the greatest gains in terms of both thermal efficiency and reduction in air pollution, but would require more investment.
A combination of technologies may be the best way forward. Between andIndia has made progress in adding electrical power generation capacity, bringing electricity to rural areas, and reforming market to improve availability and distribution of liquified cleaner burning fuels in urban and rural area.
Even at these lower levels, the emissions are higher than those recommended by the World Health Organization. Continued progress is necessary. Biomass burning, as domestic fuel in India, accounts for about 3 times as much black carbon air pollution as all other sources combined, including vehicles and industrial sources.
Adulteration of gasoline and diesel with lower-priced fuels is common in South Asia, including India. Financial incentives arising from differential taxes are generally the primary cause of fuel adulteration.
In India and other developing countries, gasoline carries a much higher tax than diesel, which in turn is taxed more than kerosene meant as a cooking fuel, while some solvents and lubricants carry little or no tax.Discover the risks of air pollution in Thailand.
I use realtime reports & reliable studies to show the cleanest & dirtiest areas to live in. PB Amoco Yorktown - EPA Pollution Prevention Project Volume II - Air Quality Data.
In the scenario the EPA deems most likely, Trump's new rules are projected to cause between and 1, more adults to die prematurely each year by because of the health effects of pollution. Director’s Note: The science and research done on the true impacts of animal agriculture is always growing.
The statistics used in the film were based on the best information we had available while producing the film. In many ways American motorists and their passengers are exposed to less pollution than a generation or two ago. Back then cars ran dirtier—releasing more emissions, including lead from gasoline.
Effects on the Environment Air pollution and the release of gasses into the atmosphere can have many negative effects on the environment. Global warming - One type of air pollution is the addition of carbon dioxide gas into the air. Some scientists believe that releasing too much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is one of the causes of global warming.